【犯罪・司法学留学】法律に関する英単語20選一覧

英語学習

criminal justice(司法学)を学びたいなら覚えるべき英単語集です。

もっと専門用語を学びたい人へ:【経済学留学】ビジネス分野で最低限知っておくべき英語

法律・犯罪に関する専門用語一覧です

1 Actus Reus Compare mens rea a criminal action regarded as a constituent element of a crime, as compared with the state of mind of the perpetrator. 道徳や法律に違反する行為
2 Alibi  the defense by an accused person of having been elsewhere at the time an alleged offense was committed. アリバイ
3 Arson  the malicious burning or exploding of the dwelling house of another, or the burning of a building within the cartilage, the immediate surrounding space, of the dwelling of another. 放火
4 Barrister a counsel admitted to plead at the bar and undertake the public trial of causes in an English superior court. 法廷弁護士
5 Crime Control Model a model of the criminal justice system that assumes freedom is so important that every effort must be made to repress crime, it emphasizes efficiency, speed, finality, and dispose of a high proportion of offenders. 犯罪管理
6 Dark Figure of Crime a metaphor referring to the dangerous dimension of crime that is never reported to police. 暗数
7 Due Diligence  as a defense to a strict liability offense. Due diligence involves demonstrating that one has undertaken to do everything possible to avoid committing an offense. デューディリジェンス
8 Evidentiary serving as or based on evidence. 証拠として役に立つ、または証拠に基づく
9 Miranda Rights 警察が身柄拘束した被疑者への尋問に先立ち与える警告。 ミランダ権利
10 Misdemeanors  a criminal offense defined as less serious than a felony. 軽罪
11 Nolo Contendere an answer of ‘no contest’ by a defendant who does not admit guilt, but that subjects him to conviction. 不抗争の答弁
12 Parole a conditional release from imprisonment that entitles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with. 仮釈放、執行猶予
13 Plea Bargaining a negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge. 司法取引
14 Prosecution  the institution and carrying on of legal proceedings against a person. 起訴、告発
15 Public Policy the principle that injury to the public good order constitutes a basis for setting aside, or denying effect to acts or transactions. 公序良俗
16 Remand Home a detention home for juvenile offenders aged 8-16 years. 未成年者拘置所.
17 Recidivism  the relapse into crime after the sentence of a convicted offender has been completed, and the subsequent return to the criminal justice system. 犯罪の常習
18 Summons a document that may be served upon a person accused of a crime, requiring the accused individual to appear in court at a certain time and date to answer the charges. 出頭命令
19 Vigilante  any person who takes the law into his or her own hands, as by avenging a crime. 自警団
20 Visible Crime offenses against persons and property committed primarily by members of the lower class. These crimes are most upsetting to the public. 即時犯
タイトルとURLをコピーしました