|Compare mens rea a criminal action regarded as a constituent element of a crime, as compared with the state of mind of the perpetrator.
|the defense by an accused person of having been elsewhere at the time an alleged offense was committed.
|the malicious burning or exploding of the dwelling house of another, or the burning of a building within the cartilage, the immediate surrounding space, of the dwelling of another.
|a counsel admitted to plead at the bar and undertake the public trial of causes in an English superior court.
|Crime Control Model
|a model of the criminal justice system that assumes freedom is so important that every effort must be made to repress crime, it emphasizes efficiency, speed, finality, and dispose of a high proportion of offenders.
|Dark Figure of Crime
|a metaphor referring to the dangerous dimension of crime that is never reported to police.
|as a defense to a strict liability offense. Due diligence involves demonstrating that one has undertaken to do everything possible to avoid committing an offense.
|serving as or based on evidence.
|a criminal offense defined as less serious than a felony.
|an answer of ‘no contest’ by a defendant who does not admit guilt, but that subjects him to conviction.
|a conditional release from imprisonment that entitles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with.
|a negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge.
|the institution and carrying on of legal proceedings against a person.
|the principle that injury to the public good order constitutes a basis for setting aside, or denying effect to acts or transactions.
|a detention home for juvenile offenders aged 8-16 years.
|the relapse into crime after the sentence of a convicted offender has been completed, and the subsequent return to the criminal justice system.
|a document that may be served upon a person accused of a crime, requiring the accused individual to appear in court at a certain time and date to answer the charges.
|any person who takes the law into his or her own hands, as by avenging a crime.
|offenses against persons and property committed primarily by members of the lower class. These crimes are most upsetting to the public.