Can you identify which word is modified by a modifer?
Today, I am going to explain how to tell apart modifiers and other words.
黄色いチューリップがとてもきれい。(The yellow tulip is very nice.)
黄色い チューリップが とても きれい。
Here in this sentence, we have a modifier, 黄色(きいろ)い.
Let’s find which word is modefied by ”黄色い”.
All you need to do is just to put “黄色い” in front of the each sentence.
- 黄色い チューリップ（Yellow tulip）
- 黄色い とても（Yellow very）
- 黄色い きれい（Yellow nice）
Did you know which one was correct?
The answe is “1”. Any of others do not make sense. So in the sentence, a modifier “yellow” is with a tulip.
To be more precise, ”黄色い” is an adjective, “形容詞(けいようし)”. So, it has to modefiy only nouns, not others.
とても is an adverb, “副詞(ふくし)”, and きれい is an adjective, ”形容詞”.